According to several veterinary surveys, more than half of our country’s dogs and cats are overweight. This means almost 90 million pets are at a higher risk for developing a variety of health issues including arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and some forms of cancer.
So how can you slim down your supersized pet? The answer might be simpler than you think. These five tips can help you trim excess pounds and improve the health of your pet.
If you don’t know how many calories your pet needs each day, you don’t know how much food to offer. It’s not a good idea to trust the suggestions on the bag — feeding guidelines are formulated for active, adult, unspayed, or unneutered dogs and cats. This means that if your pet is an older spayed or neutered indoor lap lounger, you are likely overfeeding if you’re following the manufacturer’s guidelines. Instead, ask your veterinarian to help you calculate the number of calories your pet needs each day. Or try this formula: Divide your pet’s weight in pounds by 2.2. Multiply that figure by 30. Then add 70. This number will give you a good idea of how many calories a typical inactive, indoor, spayed, or neutered pet needs. Of course, each pet’s metabolism is different, so consult your veterinarian before starting your pet on a diet.
Your greatest tool in the fight against a pet’s excess weight might be your measuring cup. Many pet owners simply fill the bowl or guesstimate how much they’re feeding. Studies have shown that feeding as few as 10 extra kibbles of food per day can add up to a pound of weight gain in a year for indoor cats and small dogs. Keep in mind that for the average 10-pound cat or small dog, this is a 10 percent weight gain. After you calculate how many calories your pet needs, determine how much food you should feed at each meal — and measure it.
Too many pet treats are calorie grenades laden with sugar and fat. If you’re going to give your pets extra goodies, choose lower-calorie options. As an alternative to highly processed store-bought treats, try offering dogs baby carrots, green beans, celery, cucumbers, sliced apples and bananas, and ice cubes. For cats, try a flake of salmon or tuna. While you’re at it, put down the potato chips and share a veggie with your pooch. You’ll both be healthier for it.
Whatever treats you give, be sure to count those calories. Many pet owners feed the proper amount of food but sabotage their efforts by adding treats throughout the day. As few as 30 extra calories per day means your pet may gain three pounds in a year.
You can make your own treats, too! Try this yummy recipe and make treats in a size that suits your pet best!
Hustle for Health
For dogs, as little as 20 to 30 minutes of daily brisk walking may be all it takes to boost immune function, improve cardiovascular health, and burn calories. For cats, try playing chase (using a laser pointer, remote-controlled toy, or ball of paper) for five to 15 minutes each day.
As a pet owner, it’s your responsibility to help your cat or dog maintain a healthy weight. Even though she might love eating snacks and table scraps every day, you know that’s not smart. It’s up to you to feed healthy, nutritious foods and treats and to exercise your pet daily. By using these simple suggestions, you’ll be on your way to your pet’s best — and healthiest — year yet.